The environmental crisis is in the midst of its rise, we are heading to a point of no return, reaching its highest peak affecting limitless life forms and biospheres as the earth’s surface and it’s beneath is in constant exposure to pollution. This is due to the almost complete absence of the relevant authorities in implementing an integrated plan for a sustainable management of the environment as well as the lack of awareness at the national level, and this situation will certainly result in repercussions that harm in the long term more than the short term.

Program:

Since we believe in the huge importance of the communal participation in accomplishing various constructive impacts at the national level, we seek to implement our environmental program called “Sustainable Environment in South Lebanon”, with the sole purpose of eliminating and mitigating the negative environmental impacts to locally acceptable levels or in accordance with UN standards. The program works closely with the municipalities in Tyre district to promote ecological governance while involving the local community as an essential partner in the environmental development process.

Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals:

Our target is to push the areas in Southern Lebanon governorate towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, more specifically:

  • Goal 6 “Clean Water and Sanitation”
  • Goal 11 “Sustainable Cities and Communities”
  • Goal 12 “Responsible Consumption and Production”
  • Goal 13 “Climate Action’’
  • Goal 14 “Life below Water”
  • Goal 15 “Life on Land”
  • Goal 17 ‘’Partnerships to achieve the Goal’’

The general objective:

“Promote a proper environmental management in the Southern Lebanese villages, urging them to achieve the sustainable development goals”

Specific goals:

  1. Increase Green Spaces in the villages of Southern Lebanon through establishing more natural reserves and forests, as well as managing natural resources properly, preserving existing forests to limit their degradation, and encouraging sustainable agriculture.

Since 2003, Lebanon has been hugely exposed to the phenomenon of ‘’ Desertification ‘’ as a result of various anthropogenic activities i.e., continuous wars, urbanization at the expense of agricultural lands, and some intentionally-caused wildfires that aim to promote charcoal production, quarry and manufactory sites, and random grazing of lands. All of this has led to a significant deterioration in forest areas all over Lebanon the past decades, from a rate of about 36% during the 1960s to 13% today.  Topping that Lebanon has been witnessing rapid fluctuations in temperature and a noticeable decline in the annual amounts of rain that extremely highlight the dangerous reality to which we have reached. All the aforementioned reasons are considered as a warning bell calling on the Lebanese to preserve the remaining green spaces and restore what is already lost.

  1. Develop and implement an integrated solid waste management plan, and eliminate random landfills and dumpsites in the villages of southern Lebanon.

Lebanon does not have a solid waste management plan for the whole country. In the 1990s, the government organized the collection and disposal of waste in Beirut and Mount Lebanon, while the rest of the municipalities were left to manage without adequate control, financial support or technical expertise. Open landfills have abounded and open-air burning has increased across the country. 77% of the waste is either landfilled or openly dumped. However; only 10 to 12% of Lebanon’s waste can’t be recycled or composted.

  1. Raise community awareness about environmental matters that contributes to the protection of the environment, involving the community in the environmental development process.

We believe that environmental awareness is the first line of defense for the environment, its protection and sustainability, and it contributes to the creation of interest and a sense of responsibility in the local communities. Involving local communities in finding appropriate solutions to environmental problems allows for a better building and development of environmental trends, concepts, values and behaviors in individuals, which reflects positively on the protection of the environment.

  1. Promote the protection of water resources and preserve marine life and biodiversity.

In 2019, Tyre coast in Southern Lebanon, was rated by National Geographic as one of the top 5 best beaches in the Middle East, and is considered one of the most attractive beaches in Lebanon for tourists due to its beauty, and its vast area. The Southern Lebanese coast which extends from Al-Abbessieh all the way to Naqoura, like most Mediterranean coasts, is subject to all types of pollution from different sources, mainly being solid wastes that are disposed directly and excessively on the shores, or are carried by rivers and other water bodies towards the sea. The presence of wastes on the shores of beaches and their waters leads to environmental, economic and landscape problems that highly affect the health of humans and threatens marine life.  The most obvious effects of pollution at sea are the ingestion of thousands of marine organisms, such as seabirds, fish and turtles, the waste dispersed, which causes strangulation and harm, and the blockage by litter lumps of marine cavities that are shelters for these organisms.

Tyre city is Located on the main migration line for migratory birds to and from Eastern Europe and Africa. It is a globally important bird area reservation and is home to many endangered wildlife. All of these risks posed by pollutants need to be tackled in order to eliminate and mitigate the damage, and prevent further harm to ecosystems.

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